The vata tree (Ficus bengalensis Linn.) is a sacred medicinal plant used in Ayurveda system of medicine since ancient times. Since Vedic times its small branches are used in a sacrificial rite and known for its giant structure. Ayurveda and other Indian literature have mentioned the use of this plant in treatment of various human ailments. Present study aimed to compile the medicinal uses of this imperative medicinal plant in the classical Ayurveda texts of brihatrayee (Main Ayurveda texts Caraka samhita, Sushruta samhita and Astangahridaya). Study observed that in traditional system of medicine various parts of this plant such as stem bark, root bark, aerial roots, vegetative buds, leaves, fruits and Latex are abundantly mentioned for assorted therapeutic conditions. Review suggests that there is lots of scope for further scientific research on this aspect to bring this wide spread of therapeutic uses in the main stream of Ayurveda practices.
Trauma is so universal that the declaration of Alma Atta, included the common injuries as an essential part of primary care.As we know, in modern medicine soframycin is well known antiseptic for traumatic wounds so, we compared our trial Ayurvedic medicine with soframycin, as the used drugs have both shodhan and ropanproperties required for proper management of dushtvrana. Here in present clinical study,30 patients of dushtavrana were taken in two groups of 15 each. Control group was treated with soframycin tulle (local application) and saptangaguggulu oral 1000 mg bid while trial group was treated with shodhankesarilepa (local application) and saptangaguggulu oral 1000 mg bid for one month. Study was done on the basis of subjective parameter (pain) and objective parameters (tenderness, discharge, size, depth and floor). The statistical data was analyzed by applying student‘t’ test. The results were, relief in pain in trial group (85.71%)was better than control group (56.55%). Relief in tenderness was better in trial group (92.85%) than control group (55.55%). Improvement in discharge was better in trial group (83.33%) than control group (56%). Reduction in size was better in trial group (30.76%) than control group (27.27%). Reduction in depth was more in trial group (37.50%) than control group (31.81%). Improvement in floor was better in trial group (84.09%) than control group (52.50%). Overall effect of drug on Improvement in floor was only statistically significant (0.01>) suggesting that the combined effect of ingredients of trial group are better debriding agent.
Acharya Charaka (1500BC – 400AD) the great physician of Ayurveda has mentioned epidemic conditions under the head ‘Janapadodhwamsa” (Ch.S.Vimana Sthana-2) and dedicated a separate chapter on epidemic disorders named as Janapadodhwamsa Vimanam. The symptoms of Vata Pitta Jvara and Vata Kapha Jvara are similar to the symptoms of Chikungunya fever to some extent. The description of Sandhigata Sannipata Jvara mentioned by Bhava Prakkasha (1550AD) can be equated with Chikungunya fever. The principle of Ayurveda in such type of infections is that of Immunomodulation. In addition to symptomatic relief the immunomodulatory drugs help to reverse the inflammatory process as well as prevent the tissue damage. Also this autoimmunity can be correlated to the concept of AmaRasa in Ayurveda ,so Deepana , pachana , agnivardhaka chikitsa is the basis of treatment in Ayurveda . Combination of Shothahara , shoolahara , agnivardhaka , and immunomodulatory drugs are effective in post viral Arthralgia as per the principles of Ayurveda.
In Ayurveda terms , swelling is called as Shotha or Shopha. Shotha (Odema or swelling) are of two types : Nija and Agantuja . Nija shotha is due to internal causes within the body i.e. vitiation of doshas first and then brings about pain. On the other hand Agaantuja Shotha is due to external factors and starts with pain first , then brings about the vitiation of doshas. Here emphasis was given on Nija Shotha . As per the aetiology of Shotha various fifteen diseases (vyadhis ) described in Charaka Samhita sutra sthana Adhyaya 12 as the causative factor of Shotha are due to Agni vikruti and Srotorodha . Root cause of All these shotha causing diseases is Agnimandya which further leads to Srotorodha and Shotha utpatti. Hence a formulation having ushna, tikshna, laghu, rukshaguna, katutikta rasa, katuvipaka & ushnavirya. kaphavatashamaka, dipana, pachana, rochana, lekhana, srotovishodhana, shothahar, stholyahara and rasayana properties is effective in Samprapti Vighattan ( breaking the pathogenesis) of Shotha. All the drugs/herbs mentioned in thePathyaadikwatha taken from yogratnaakara (Shotha Chikitsa Prakarana Uttrardha) are having Deepana, Paachana, Shothahara, Stholyahara, Rasaayana, Ushana, Tikshana, Katutiktarasa, Agnivardhaka, Lekhana and Vatakaphashaamka
Key Words : Shotha , Agnimandya , Srotorodha , Pathyaadikwatha.
Ayurveda biology has postulated many unique concepts which are yet to be explored with modern scientific techniques. Vyatyasa is one such concept described in Trisutra Ayurveda i.e. Hetu (causative factors), Lakshana (features) & Chikitsa (treatment) of Auyrveda.Vyatyasa is the term which literally signifies opposite entities applied alternatively. Its antonym is called Samaasa. This concept is widely described in Charaka Samhita & in Sushruta Samhita also. This is first attempt to review the classical texts & explore the plausible biological mechanisms of the concept. As Vyatyasa has been enumerated in causes, features & treatment modalities of diseases it signifies its importance. It was primarily revealed that Vyatyasa (alternative application of opposing entities like Sheeta- Ushna) leads to the abatement of the pathological complex involved in the disease. In current era Vyatyasa is not seen commonly in practice. Therefore the author emphasizes that revival of the application of the Vyatyasa concept may lead to better diagnosis & treatment in many complex diseases.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce a sufficient amount of the thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroid hormone regulates metabolism—the way the body uses energy—and affects nearly every organ in the body. Without enough thyroid hormone, many of the body’s functions slow down. Mood disturbances ,easy fatigability ,tiredness , lethargyness ,weight gain , slowness of memory ,intellect and thoughts, dry and coarse skin ,menstrual irregularities ,constipation and generalized swelling are major clinical features of hypothyroidism. According to the principles of Ayurveda, we find that it is basically caused due to dysfunctioning of the Agni. Hypofunctioning of Jatharagni, which in turn, affects Dhatvagni, eventually, brings out pathological sequence & ultimately, the diseased condition is developed. Looking into its Doshika dominance, Kapha associated Pitta Dushti with vitiation of Vayu due to Margavarana and predominantly, Rasavaha , Annavaha and Medovaha Srotodushti can be considered as cause of the disease.
Key words : hypothyroidism , Jatharagni , Dhatvagni , Srotodushti.
Aging is not merely the passage of time, but is the manifestation of biological events that occur over a span of time. In the world we are living in today, many peope who have managed to live past 100 years, often answer: “I eat right, I sleep well and I don’t worry.” All this can be achieved if we overcome stress.Stress can be overcome by practising YOGA/ PRANAYAM, which has been proven to relatively decrease metabolic rate at rest and eventually increases the longivity of each cell and thus the life span of an individual. Stress and anxiety have become a normal part of modern existence. There is a need for individuals to adopt a stress-free routine in their schedule. Yoga provides what is often described as a ‘spiritual connection’ and aids in relaxation of the mind and body, reducing and improving overall levels of stress.
Agnikarma is one of the important para-surgical procedure described in Ayurveda which is still in practice widely. Sushruta Samhita has extensively described Agnikarma methods, instruments, prerequisites and probable complications as well. This review is an attempt to present all descriptions in a methodical manner for better analysis & practical considerations by the practitioners & scholars. Specifically in the field of pain management and cosmetic therapy Agni karma procedure can be very effective. It’s convenience & low cost has gained wider acceptability. More scientific studies and evaluation are required on Agni karma procedure to widen its applicability and benefit the mankind at large.
Lot of attempts has been made to put an Ayurvedic frame to the disease hypothyroidism. Although, after mere knowledge of disorder pertaining the thyroid gland from view of modern system of medicines, one can’t directly correlate this in Ayurveda as a whole disease yet signs and symptoms which we approach in day-to-day clinical practice can be seen in Ayurvedic texts in different manners.
Ayurveda has endowed the function of thermogenesis and metabolism in the body to Agni. It is defined as substance or entity that brings about transformation / conversion in any form .The thirteen types of agni bring about all the chemical reactions and transformations in the body . Samagni is the most important criteria of Swastha purusha . Agnimaandya is one of the most common disorder of agni . Agnimandya leads to the formation of Ama that causes various diseases.
The concept of Agni is basic concept of Ayurveda. This Siddhanta provides fundamental knowledge for understanding of the theories of Ayurveda viz. Ahara Pacana, Dhatu Utpatti, Vyadhi Utpatti, Ayu Parijnana etc. . Agni is believed to be the agency for any kind of transformation. It is a known fact that at each and every second multiple procedures of transformationke place in the body. These may be biochemical or bio physical or any other type of biotransformations. Due to these constant transformation procedures, body grows, develops and lastly destroys too.
Key words : Ayurveda , Agni , Jatharagnimandya , Ama .
Natural healing process is vital for maintenance of health in all life forms. Recent studies have generated evidences regarding the connections between psychological factors and susceptibility to injury or wounds & the healing process. Immunity is associated with the psychological status which gets regulated by pro inflammatory mediators. In this context Ayurveda, the ancient medical science of Indian sub-continent has described emotional well-being & status as vital player in the process of healing and maintenance of health at large. Ayurveda has assigned much importance to emotional states of a individual by describing its importance in causation of any disease pathology and simultaneously emphasizing emotional regulation as treatment modality also. This article attempts to emphasize the connections between harsha an emotional state of satisfaction/happiness and the process of wound healing.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an ancient scourge caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis which may have originated about 20,000 – 15,000 years ago1. Of the estimated 9 million people who developed TB in 2013, more than half (56%) were in the South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions. India alone accounted for 24% of global stages2. The trial was conducted to establish the efficacy of the ‘VardhamānaPippalīRasāyana’ as an adjuvant therapy in the management of newly diagnosed cases of the Pulmonary Tuberculosis. The patients recruited were divided in two groups Group1 received DOTS regimen As recommended in RNTCP program (2 HREZ+4 HR) in supervision of DOTS (worker on alternate days of week).Group 2 received DOTS regimen As recommended in RNTCP program (2 HREZ/4 HR) in supervision of DOTS worker on alternate days of week along with ‘Vardhamāna Pippalī Rasāyana’ . The patients who received DOTS treatment along with ‘Vardhamāna Pippalī Rasāyana’ exhibited significant improvement in AFB reversibility, Weight gain, Hemoglobin ( Hb%) and normalization of ESR. So DOTS treatment along with ‘Vardhamāna Pippalī Rasāyana’ is a promising treatment strategy for management of Pulmonary tubesrculosis.